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Are you a business owner looking for ways to streamline your HR processes and focus on growing your company in Canada? If so, you may have come across the term “PEO” or Professional Employer Organization. PEOs have gained popularity in the United States for their ability to provide comprehensive HR solutions to businesses. Similarly, Employer of Record or “EOR” vendors have done the same, especially in the staffing and recruiting market. But what about Canada? Are there PEOs and EORs in Canada? Let’s explore this topic further.

What is a PEO?

First, let’s understand what a PEO is. A Professional Employer Organization (PEO) is a company that provides outsourced HR services to businesses through a “co-employment” relationship with their clients. PEOs typically handle a wide range of HR functions, including payroll, benefits administration, compliance, employee onboarding, and more. Essentially, a PEO acts as an external HR department for businesses, allowing them to focus on their core operations while leaving HR responsibilities to the experts.

That is slightly different from what an EOR does. While they both offer HR outsourcing services and cover many of the same areas, an EOR does not offer co-employment. Rather they serve as the sole employer of employees on behalf of clients, operating as the legal “employer of record” (hence the name) for the employees clients hire.

PEOs in Canada

While PEOs are more commonly known and used in the United States, they are also present in Canada, although the concept is relatively new and not as widespread as in the US. In Canada, PEOs are often referred to as “HR outsourcing firms” or “HR services providers.” This is more commonly referred to as an Administrative Services Organization (ASO) in the United States. As you can tell, there are a lot of acronyms! Nevertheless, these companies offer similar services as PEOs in the US, but with some key differences due to the Canadian legal and regulatory landscape.

One of the main differences between PEOs in the US and Canada is the way they handle employee taxes. In the US, PEOs typically assume responsibility for employee taxes and become the “employer of record” for tax purposes. However, in Canada, PEOs do not assume this responsibility, and the client company remains the employer of record for tax purposes. This means that the client company is still responsible for remitting payroll taxes to the government.

Canadian EORs on the other hand are able to handle the taxes on behalf of their clients because they operate as the sole employer for their clients. This is again because EORs are not operating on a co-employment model.

Another difference is that PEOs in Canada must comply with Canadian employment laws, which may vary by province. This includes regulations related to payroll, benefits, and workplace safety. Canadian PEOs must also adhere to federal and provincial regulations related to privacy and data protection, as well as immigration laws for hiring foreign workers.

Benefits of Using a PEO or EOR in Canada

  1. Cost Savings: By outsourcing HR functions to a PEO, Canadian businesses can potentially save on HR costs, including hiring and training HR staff, software and technology, and benefits administration. PEOs often leverage their buying power to negotiate better rates on benefits, which can result in cost savings for client companies.
  2. HR Expertise: PEOs in Canada employ HR professionals who are well-versed in Canadian employment laws and regulations. This can help ensure that your business remains compliant with HR regulations, reducing the risk of fines and penalties.
  3. Focus on Core Business: Outsourcing HR functions to a PEO allows businesses to focus on their core operations and strategic initiatives, rather than getting bogged down with administrative HR tasks. This can lead to increased productivity and efficiency.
  4. Access to Benefits and Resources: PEOs in Canada often offer comprehensive employee benefits packages, including health insurance, retirement plans, and other perks that may be otherwise unavailable to small and medium-sized businesses. PEOs may also provide access to HR tools, technology, and resources that can help businesses streamline their HR processes.
  5. Flexibility: PEOs in Canada offer flexibility to businesses, allowing them to scale up or down their HR services as needed. This can be especially beneficial for businesses with fluctuating HR needs due to seasonal or cyclical demands.


In conclusion, while the concept of PEOs originated in the United States, there are developing organizations that are offering PEO type services in Canada. In addition, EORs are also a great option if you are looking for complete compliance and HR support. Companies like FoxHire offer EOR services in Canada. You can learn more about Canadian EORs services here.

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